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A History of British Quadrupeds

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A History of British Quadrupeds

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    Available in PDF Format | A History of British Quadrupeds.pdf | Unknown
    William MacGillivray
Excerpt from book: THE GREATER HORSE-SHOE BAT. Rhinolophus Ferrum-equinum—Lkach. PLATE I. Nasal membrane double , the anterior with its margin! sinuated: the posterior laterally expanded at the base, and tapering to a point: the ears transversely grooved towardt the outer margin. Vespertilio Ferrum-equinum. Linn. Gmel. I. 50 : Mont. Linn. Trans. IX. 122—Rhinolophus unihastatns. Geoffr. Ann. Mus. XX. 257 : Desmar. Mammal. 125.—Rhinolophus Ferrum- equinum. Leach, Zool. Mise. 111. 2: Jenyns, Brit. Vert. An. 19 : Bell, Brit. Quadr. 68. The Rhinolophina are prominently distinguished by their nasal cutaneous appendage, which in the genus considered as typical of the family, is curiously complicated, and may be divided into two parts, an anterior and a posterior. The former, bearing a fancied resemblance to a horse-shoe, surrounds the nostrils, and stretches upward to the base of the posterior expansion, which is of an ovato-lanceolate form, or hastate, that is, furnished with lateral lobes. It has been conjectured thatthis curious apparatus is intended for closing the nostrils when they are not in use, or that it forms an extension of the organ of smell: but it seems much more probable that the delicate and bare skin of which it consists, affords a peculiar localization to the sense of touch, doubtless rendered necessary by the habits of those animal., with which, however, we are not sufficiently acquainted to be enabled to connect their actions with their organization. Two species have been found in England, the Greater and the Smaller, very intimately allied in the form of all their parts. The Greater Horse-shoe Bat has the head of an oblong form, the occiput rounded, the muzzle tumid, and margined with stiffish hairs. The mouth is wide: the upper incisors, two in number, are extremely...  
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  • PDF | 148 pages
  • William MacGillivray
  • General Books LLC
  • Unknown
  • 9
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